My interest is in a universalist critique of the Palestine question, in contrast to the orthodoxy of Noam Chomsky and his followers who dominate the left, such as it is. Their outlook emphasizes the “strategic asset” view of the US-Israel relationship, “anti-occupation” rhetoric, ahistorical human rights and international law, and “solutions” discourse. This outlook is designed to conceal Zionism and Jewish agency in the US. The Chomskyite orthodoxy has suppressed understanding and criticism of the “Israel lobby”, and of the history and nature of Zionism, and its general historical import. This view is often explicitly Zionist, where it does not avoid the subject. As Israel gives Gaza the Warsaw Ghetto treatment, it is more urgent than ever that we overturn this orthodoxy.

A universalist view would acknowledge frankly the role of the “Israel lobby” and its catastrophic effects on the US, which include 9/11 and several wars; and the nature of Zionism, from the critical historiography of a handful of honest Israeli scholars. It would oppose Zionism explicitly, in the machinations of the protean “Israel lobby”, and in the theory and practice of the state of Israel. It would draw on the Jewish approaches to universalism, including classical Reform Judaism, the Marxist internationalism in which Jews were prominent, and what the late Israel Shahak called the “modern, secular Jewish tradition”, which he dated from Spinoza.

Several proponents of these outlooks survived to see Zionism in its maturity and leave judgments—Rabbi Elmer Berger, Isaac Deutscher, Maxime Rodinson, Israel Shahak, and the Israeli Matzpen. They were all well to the left of the Chomskyite orthodoxy, which dominates in the US; they were much more substantive and critical. I was honored to know Israel Shahak in his last years, and he was a formative influence on my views. I have a book in progress. All the pieces on this site have been on CounterPunch or DissidentVoice

The “question of Palestine” is of course the title of the late Edward Said’s outstanding 1978 book, second edition 1992, and available from Amazon for $10 new, less used.


The phrase “question of Palestine” was in diplomatic and political usage long before the book appeared, which is why Said selected the title. The United Nations has an official “question of Palestine” web site, which collects all UN and prior official international documentation about Palestine. Searching in the “Unispal Select” documents by date shows “the question of Palestine” in use no later than 1947, preceded by versions such as “the question of the holy sites of Palestine”. See UNISPAL Documents Collection

This web site and its view have no official connection with the late Edward Said, his family, or any aspect of his legacy.

The header photograph is of Israel’s Vernichtungskrieg against Gaza of July, 2014, “Operation Firm Cliff” (in Hebrew). I don’t know who the photographer is. The entire ghastly picture is at GazaWarsaw Ghetto

Another header photograph is of Gazans at prayer, as bombs fall nearby, and smoke drifts overhead. It cropped awkwardly; see Gazans at Prayer. I got it from the FB page of Rezamahdi Azami, who is in Mumbai; the Gaza photographer is not known to me, but he or she recognized a powerful image, a heartbreaking one.

Earlier headers include a version of Munch’s iconic “The Scream”, painted on the Wall near Qalqilya. The full photo is at The Scream (Photo by Alex Levac, Haaretz)

Another header was the Bab al-Shams (Gate of the Sun) village established by Palestinian activists in the West Bank area designated by Israel as E1, on January 11, 2013 (photo by Ma’an News). It was forcibly evacuated by Israel the night of January 12. See
Israeli Soldiers Attack, Evict, Bab Al-Shams, Arrest Dozens

See the letter by Elias Khoury, author of the novel Bab al-Shams, inspired by the stories of Palestinians in Lebanon, to the people of the village.
Letter to my people in the village of Bab al-Shams

Khoury’s novel is available from Amazon: Gate of the Sun. The novel was made into a film, with Khoury writing the screenplay. Here is the New York Times review: Gate of the Sun

Another header showed the Palestinians of Bilin dressed up as the Na’vi from the film Avatar (photo by Bilin activists). More info on Bilin’s heroic struggle against Zionism is at http://www.bilin-village.org/english/

I post on this site as “gantonius”, for George Antonius, author of The Arab Awakening (1937), which Edward Said called a “classic.” It was in print in the 1970s, and used copies are available at


Also available is a 2001 biography,The Betrayal of Palestine. The Story of George Antonius, by Susan Silsby Boyle. I think it is still in print;


used copies are also available.

“I” am Harry Clark,  an independent student of the question of Palestine, among other things, living in New York City.

I decided to disable comments, because I don’t have time for them if they become numerous. Something could be lost, but one has limited time and energy. If you wish to comment on anything, you may email me directly: hfc1968 at gmail dot com. Thanks for your interest in my writing, and in the question of Palestine.

2 Responses to About

  1. William R. Woodward says:

    Glad to have found you, Harry, and now I will look for your articles. We need a thousand more of you, with deep pockets, to counter Islamophobia in this country with some real information of what the Zionists are up to.

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